Everything To Know About Endometriosis: Symptoms, Research, And Prevention

Endometriosis is a disease that infects the uterus. According to the Endometriosis Foundation of America, at least 176 million people worldwide have this disease. However, many cases remain undiagnosed because although patients may show symptoms, they don’t realize that anything is wrong.

Endometriosis is a serious condition. It may cause pain and infertility, and it may require surgery to diagnose. Here is everything you need to know about endometriosis, including what it does, how to treat and prevent it, and all the latest research.

What Is Endometriosis?

Diagram shows endometriosis outside of the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes.
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Endometriosis is a disease that infects the “endometrium,” the tissue that lines the uterus. During menstruation, this tissue sheds and exits the body if the person is not pregnant. But during endometriosis, the endometrium grows outside of the uterus.

According to UCLA Health, the uterine lining usually appears on organs in the pelvis and lower abdomen. However, endometriosis could occur anywhere. This abnormal tissue growth could cause pain, but it could also produce no symptoms at all.